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Necrotic and Ulcerative Enteritis

Necrotic and Ulcerative Enteritis

Necrotic enteritis and ulcerative enteritis (UE) are similar diseases, although they are caused by different organisms. UE usually affects game birds—quail in particular—and is caused by the bacterium Clostridium colinum. Necrotic enteritis affects chickens and turkeys and is caused by Clostridium perfringens.These diseases are transmitted through clostridial spores that can remain dormant in the environment for years. Once ingested by birds, the spores germinate and become capable of causing disease. The birds then shed the organism in feces. Other birds in the flock become infected from fecal material in the litter, water, or feed.
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